Tanzanite is a named variety of the mineral zoisite. The mineral zoisite is a fairly uncommon mineral in the epidote group. Gem-grade samples of the zoisite variety tanzanite are only found in the Merelani Hills of Tanzania where tanzanite was discovered in 1967.
Transparent tanzanite crystals are very rare, and they are only found in The Merelani Hills of Tanzania. The tanzanite crystals at Merelani formed within cavities in metamorphic rocks from hydrothermal solutions in contact with gneisses, marbles, and schists.
Opaque to translucent tanzanite specimens are also quite rare.
Faceted tanzanite gemstones are sawn, ground and polished from clear areas in transparent tanzanite crystals.
Skilled artisans then set these beautiful tanzanite gemstones into handcrafted tanzanite jewelry designs in sterling silver and 14k gold.
Tanzanite was named in honor of the country where it was discovered. Tanzanite is a modern birthstone for December birthdays. The astrological signs of tanzanite are Sagitarius, Gemini, and Libra.
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